Friday, January 25, 2013

GLOVER FAMILY-from England/Delaware to Glover's Gap

Glover Gap district

The following is quoted directly from a 36 page typescript history prepared by Avril A. Ash and released in 1967.
"John Glover, the progenitor of our branch of the Glover family, emigrated from England to America in 1755 and settled in Wilmington, Delaware. This information is from two sources - (a) 'History of West Virginia,' by Sylvester Myers, a great-great grandson of John Glover, the immigrant, and (b) 'A Genealogy of the Mittong Family and Connections,' by Benjamin Franklin Wilson, who was connected to the Glover family by the marriage of his grandfather, Jacob Mittong (chapter five). Both accounts say he was a young man when he arrived in America, and the year of his birth is placed at about 1735 to 1740. Shortly after his arrival here, he married a girl from New England, name not known, and there were at least two children, Amos and Nehemiah, Amos having been born in 1760 and Nehemiah about 1772. In 1781, which year is questioned on the grounds of Nehemiah being but nine years of age at that time, the two sons came west and settled insouthwestern Pennsylvania, Amos settling in what is now Washington County and Nehemiah in Green County.

(Below:  pages from Wilson's book)

Tuesday, January 22, 2013


UNDERHILL/SMITH  9thGGF Captain John Underhill, 1630 immigrant
The journey back to Queen Elizabeth's "Keeper of the Wardrobe" -direct ancestry of the Underhill family from Hunningham, Warwickshire, England to Oyster Bay, Long Island, New York:
 as far back as:

Sir Hugh Underhill (1518 - 1593)
 On 6 Feb 1563 he was appointed by Queen Elizabeth Keeper of the Wardrobe at the King's Manor at Greenwich. In 1563 he was elevated to be responsible for the Wardrobe of Beds. (This position was one of the highest maintaining the countless hangings of tapestry and the Cloths of State, the great carpets and all upholstering of chairs, stools, curtains, bedsteads, and more. In 1590 he was appointed by the Queen as Keeper of the Garden in the manor of East Greenwich. He is mentioned in several wills of the Royal Household, an indication that he was held in high regard.

Sir Thomas Underhill (1545 - 1591)
Thomas was Keeper of the Wardrobe at Kenilworth Castle, to Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester.  Kenilworth was given to Dudley by Queen Elizabeth, who would have visited him there during Thomas' appointment. In 1585 the Queen appointed the Earl of Leicester commander of her forces in the Netherlands, fighting with the Dutch against the Spanish. Thomas accompanied the Earl on this assignment. The fact that Thomas Underhill, son of a well-regarded member of her own household (Sir Hugh) was assigned to Kenilworth, shows the affection Queen Elizabeth I had both for Dudley and Underhill.

John Edward Underhill (1574 - 1608)
Son of Sir Thomas
John Underhill was a friend and companion to the Earls of Leicester and Essex, and while a youth held a commission in the Earl of Leicester's own Troop of Guards, that was sent to the assistance of the Dutch by Queen Elizabeth I. When the Netherlands offered their sovereignty to the Earl of Leicester, John Edward Underhill was the bearer of confidential dispatches to Lord Burleigh, the Queen's Minister. After the fall and execution of Leicester, he attached himself to the Earl of Essex. He accompanied Essex who captured Cadiz, Spain for the King of France, and was part of Devereux's expedition to the Azores, where Underhill was listed as dead in the muster rolls of Capt. Roger Orme's Company, 1608. 

Following his father's death, John Jr. and his siblings lived with his mother, HONOR/LEONORA PAWLEY (b. 1575, Cornwall) in the Netherlands with a group of Puritan exiles. While there he received military training as a cadet in the service of Philip Willam, the Prince of Orange, a great military strategist. She immigrated to the colonies in 1630, probably in the company of her son, John and his first wife and children.

Capt. John Underhill, Immigrant 1630
Son of John Edward
JOHN born near Kenilworth England about 1597.  He first married (1) Heylken (Helena) de Hooch 12 Dec 1628 at the Kloosterkerk at the Hague, Holland who died at Southold LI NY before 19 Aug 1658. He then married (2) ELIZABETH FEAKE  in 1658 Southold LI NY. Elizabeth was born about 1633 Watertown MA to Robert Feake and Elizabeth (Fones) Winthrop aka "The Winthrop Woman," and died at Killingworth Oyster Bay LI before 4 Nov 1675. 

While in the Netherlands, John was a cadet in the guard of the Prince of Orange in 1628.  It was there that young Captain John Underhill became a fellow soldier of Captain Miles Standish. In 1620, Standish was employed to train the Plymouth Militia. Ten years later John Underhill, now Captain, sailed from Yarmouth with John Winthrop and his nine hundred immigrants to the Bay Colony, under an agreement to train the Militia of the new settlement of Boston.  A year later, Underhill was sworn freeman and was one of the first deputies to the General Court. One of the earliest acts of the new government was to order that the first Thursday of every month be general training day of Captain Underhill's Company, at Boston.
Captains Underhill and Daniel Patrick became the first paid military officers in Massachusetts Bay.

Capt. John Underhill is given credit for the colonists' victory in the Pequot War in 1637 but soon after signed a petition in behalf of Anne Hutchinson and Rev. John Wheelwright and his citizenship rights in the colony were removed. He was banished and went to now called New Hampshire where he served as Governor of Exeter and Dover for a year. In 1641 his banishment was lifted and he returned to Massachusetts Bay Colony for a short time.               

In 1630, Underhill published a book titled: Newes from America; Or, A New and Experimentall Discoverie of New England; Containing, A Trve Relation of Their War-like Proceedings These Two Yeares Last Past, with a Figure of the Indian Fort, or Palizado  

The immigrant, John Underhill, eventually settled on a tract of land he purchased from the Indians, in the town of Oyster Bay, which he named after his birthplace, Kenilworth -spelled Killingworth. He became a member of the Society of Friends in his old age, and here he died in 1672. President Theodore Roosevelt provided a speech at the dedication of a monument to Captain Underhill at the Underhill Burying Ground, Oyster Bay, 1908. 
Descendancy through Capt. John and Elizabeth Feake (dau. of "The Winthrop Woman")
Deborah Underhill (1659 - 1698) married Henry Townsend of Oyster Bay (1649-1703)
Daughter of Capt. John

Uriah Townsend (1698 - 1767)
Son of Deborah

Robert Townsend (1728 - 1803)
Son of Uriah

Uriah Townsend (1753 - 1804)
Son of Robert

Ezra Edwin Townsend (1788 - 1851)
Son of Uriah

Rebecca Townsend (1808 - 1878) married George Walter Watson
Daughter of Ezra Edwin

Marietta Watson (1830 - 1890)
Daughter of Rebecca

Emma Jane Amrhine, Emerine (1860 - 1933)
Daughter of Marietta

Leon Vern Smith 
Son of Emma Jane

Monday, January 21, 2013

QUAKERS: The Light Within

(photo: George Fox, first Quaker leader)

QUAKER ancestors from my dad's GLOVER-MYERS branch include the families of: Bowne, Beakes, Stacy, Potts. My mother's  DORT-THOMAS branch include the Quaker families of: Dyer, Hutchinson.   

Let us not forget that many of our ancestors were very early immigrants to the colonies (pre-Mayflower to early 1700).  As such, they often were affiliated with religious practices frowned upon in post-Elizabethan England.  One group, the Society of Friends, has its roots stretching across the Atlantic from England to the American colonies where the “Quakers,” as they were known, sought refuge from religious repression, fines, and imprisonment.

 At that time, the Church of England was the “official” church of the land and, as such, instituted state-mandated religious worship that was highly ritualistic and ceremonial, based on the newly published King James Bible.  The Puritans, dedicated to ‘purifying’ the Church of England, had already been emigrating to Holland and then America to avoid punishment for their form of worship while seeking the freedom of religion they sought. 

 The Quakers (originally a derogatory term they happily adopted) were also targeted as dissenters to the ‘approved’ religion of England.

Thursday, January 17, 2013


Little Jack Horner sat in the corner
Eating his Christmas pie,
He put in his thumb and pulled out a plum
And said "What a good boy am I!"

According to a number of sources, the rhyme about Little Jack Horner was circulated about 1543 concerning a Thomas Strangeways* Horner. (*wife-Susannah Strangeways) He had acquired the land of the Bishop of Glastonbury, Somersetshire, England, when Henry VIII dissolved the Catholic Church in England and abolished the monasteries from 1536-1539. The deeds for the seized lands were  purportedly secreted in a pie for safe delivery to the King. The metaphoric "plum" was Mells Manor, which Horner plucked for himself from the twelve deeds he was to hand to the King "in the pie". The name "Jack" typically denoted a knave that is a "King's Man" particularly under Henry VIII.

(My Horner family research goes back to 1573 with the names Thomas and John... and may have direct family connections. I will publish lineage once it is further studied. Either way, I thought you'd enjoy the origins of this nursery rhyme!)

Wednesday, January 16, 2013



Lt. Robert Feake 1630 (1602 - 1662) married
Elizabeth Fones Winthrop  (1609-1673); widow of Gov. Winthrop's son, Henry
AKA: "The Winthrop Woman"
Elizabeth Feake (1633 - 1675), Daughter of Lt. Robert
Deborah Underhill (1659 - 1698) Daughter of Elizabeth
Uriah Townsend (1698 - 1767) Son of Deborah
Robert Townsend (1728 - 1803) Son of Uriah
Uriah Townsend (1753 - 1804) Son of Robert
Ezra Edwin Townsend (1788 - 1851) Son of Uriah
Rebecca Townsend (1808 - 1878) Daughter of Ezra Edwin
Marietta Watson (1830 - 1890) Daughter of Rebecca
Emma Jane Amrhine, Emerine (1860 - 1933) Daughter of Marietta
Leon Vern Smith (1897 - 1947) Son of Emma Jane

To tell the story of "The Winthrop Woman" we need to know a little about her husband first:
Robert Feake came to Massachusetts Bay in the fleet with Governor Winthrop, in the year 1630. He married Elizabeth, the young widow of Henry Winthrop (son of the Governor and her first cousin).
He established his homestall[stead] in Watertown, and was grantee and owner of a number of plots in that area.  By May, 1631 he was admitted a freeman of the colony and, as such, could serve as a selectman chosen to order "all civil affaires of ye town."  From 1634-1636 he was representative in the General Court from Watertown after having been appointed Lieutenant to Captain Daniel Patrick, then chief military officer at Watertown and the neighboring settlements.
 He was also appointed by the Court of Boston to be part of a team led by Captain's Underhill (later son-in-law) and Patrick to establish the site for a fort on Castle Island in the Bay.   According to my source, he continued to 'follow the fortunes' of Captain Patrick and in 1639 accompanied him on his removal to Connecticut. In the month of July 1640, together they purchased the Indian-held lands which later became the town of Greenwich Conn. 
 Included in this tract was a parcel of land, named Elizabeth Neck in honor of the wife of Robert Feake, Elizabeth Fones Winslow. (It is said that -although this settlement was made under the sanction and in the interest of the New Haven colony- Director Willem Kieft of New Amsterdam (later New York) soon warned them off as intruders on Dutch Territory. Patrick and Feake persisted and continued for two or more years in the occupation of these lands, harassed and threatened by neighboring Indians until they finally decided to put themselves under the protection of the Dutch.)
From this point on our story takes on a more tragic note for Robert Feake, within a decade -losing his marriage to an unfaithful wife who created a major scandal in a conservative community; -losing his children and his property and, it is said, also losing his mind :
COMMENTS: In his lengthy article on the Feake family (see HENRY FEAKE for full citation), George E. McCracken went into great detail on Robert Feake, and particularly on the matter of his "divorce," arguing that the couple had in fact received only a legal separation, and that Elizabeth (Fones) (Winthrop) Feake was not free to remarry.  In 1966 Donald Lines Jacobus reviewed the same problem, and came to the conclusion that Robert Feake and his wife did obtain a divorce from the Dutch government, that she had married William Hallett by August 1649, and that the marriage was performed by John Winthrop Jr., her cousin and former brother-in-law.

Feake was described as "... a man whose God-fearing heart was so absorbed with spiritual and heavenly things that he little thought of the things of this life, and took neither heed nor care of what was tendered to his external property".

To others he was a "distracted" person who could not manage his estate, and whose lofty connections alone preserved him.  His abrupt return to England in 1647 is not entirely understood. McCracken suggests that the Robert Feake pardoned by the House of Commons 4 March 1649/50 for some unstated crime might be Robert of Watertown. In any event, he left considerable scandal behind him in New England. 

(BLOGGER'S NOTE:  It might also be true that the 'considerable scandal' was not only left behind him, but was acted out during his absence by the friend he left in charge of his property and his unfaithful wife.)

In a letter dated Stamford 14 April 1648, Thomas Lyon related to his "loving grandfather" John Winthrop the history of Mr. Feake and Elizabeth (Fones) Winthrop:
...when I married first I lived in the house with her because my father being distracted I might be a help to her. Whereupon seeing several carriages between the fellow she now hath to be her husband and she the people also took notice of it which was to her disgrace which grieved me very much ... and seeing what condition she were in  I spake to her about it privately and after I discovered my dislike I see her carriage alter toward me ... Father concerning the condition she is in and the children and estate my father Feike going away suddenly, having taken no course about the children and estate only desired a friend of his and I in case we see them about making away the estate and to remove we should stay it ... She also hath confessed since she came there openly she is married to him  is with child by him [blogger's note: but only officially married one year after birth of the child] and she hath been at New Haven but could have no comfort nor hopes for present to live in the jurisdiction and what will become of her I know not [WP 5:213-14].

In a letter dated New Haven 21 July 1648, Theophilus Eaton told John Winthrop Jr.:
...I understand William Hallet etc. are come to your plantation at Nameag, their grievious miscarriage hath certainly given great offense to many. I wish their repentance were as clear and satisfying. It is possible that William Hallet and she that was Mr. Feake's his wife are married, though not only the lawfulness and validity of such a marriage, but the reality and truth is by some questioned, because themselves and Toby Feakes sometimes deny it; but leaving that, I shall acquaint you ... with some passages about that estate. Mr. Feakes from Boston October 6, 1647 wrote to Stamford that he reserved the whole propriety of his estate, till he saw how God would deal with him in England, and desired he and the children might not be wronged etc., after which that estate being from the Dutch in danger of confiscation, they brought it to Stamford, and at their request, it was there seized, as wholly belonging to Mr. Feakes, though after they challenged part thereof as the proper estate of William Hallet, and she besides desired a share in what was due to Mr. Feakes. I was not willing they should be wronged in the least, ... and accordingly at their request, I wrote to Stamford. William Hallet after this brought a letter from your honored father, and told me, he met with some opposition at Stamford, whereupon I advised him to attend the Court of magistrates ... but I perceived in him an unwillingness thereunto.... It was ordered that ... if she settled at Watertown, Pequod, or within any of the English colonies, two of the children, with half Mr. Feakes his proper estate should be put into the power and trust of such English government ... with such respect to Mr. Feakes, as may be meet, and that the other half of the estate should be improved at Stamford for the use of Mr. Feakes and maintenance of the other two children. I hoped that this might have satisfied, but the next news was that William Hallet etc. in a secret underhand way, had taken the children, two cows, all the household goods, and what else I know not, and by water were gone away ... when they had all the estate in their hands, the children went (if not naked) very unsatisfyingly apparelled.

John Winthrop Jr. interceded with Peter Stuyvesant in a letter in the beginning of 1648/9, asking him to manage what estate was left so that "Mrs. Feakes" and her children had a comfortable living. By the spring, Andrew Messenger was informing Winthrop that the estate at Greenwich was still unimproved. Winthrop wrote again in May to Stuyvesant, asking that he honor the agreement made between William Hallet with Mr. Feakes, Feakes having consented to it before going for England "knowing him [Hallet] to be industrious and careful" and also to allow Hallet back into Greenwich to improve the land there.
Evidently Stuyvesant came through, for Elizabeth (now Hallett) wrote last from Hellgate 10 January 1652/3 saying to her cousin John Winthrop Jr.:
"Our habitation is by the whirlpool which the Dutchmen call the Hellgate where we have purchased a very good farm through the governor's means ... we live very comfortably according to our rank. In the spring the Indian killed four Dutchmen near to our house which made us think to have removed ... yet now the Indian are quiet and we think not yet to remove."
The story of Elizabeth Fones (Winthrop) (Feake) Hallett was told in 1958 in an historical novel called The Winthrop Woman by Anya Seton

JOHN UNDERHILL a poem by John Greenleaf Whittier

Our ancestor, John Underhill was a Colonial official and militia officer. Born in England, John Underhill grew up in the Netherlands, where he received military training along with Miles Standish. He came to Massachusetts Bay in 1630 to organize the colonial militia. He was appointed captain of the militia and played a major role in the Pequot War in 1637. Afterwards he got in trouble with the Puritan administration for [in part] his religious beliefs and lost his position. He served the Dutch colony of New Netherland as an Indian fighter for a time, but when war broke out between the English and Dutch in 1652 he switched sides to help the British. During the Anglo-Dutch Wars of 1664-1665 he helped extend English rule over the Dutch possessions, and then performed various public duties for the newly-named colony of New York.  (upcoming blog on this interesting family)

Title: John Underhill
Author: John Greenleaf Whittier

A SCORE of years had come and gone
Since the Pilgrims landed on Plymouth stone,
When Captain Underhill, bearing scars
From Indian ambush and Flemish wars,
Left three-hilled Boston and wandered down,
East by north, to Cocheco town.

With Vane the younger, in counsel sweet,
He had sat at Anna Hutchinson's feet,
And, when the bolt of banishment fell
On the head of his saintly oracle,
He had shared her ill as her good report,
And braved the wrath of the General Court.

He shook from his feet as he rode away
The dust of the Massachusetts Bay.
The world might bless and the world might ban,
What did it matter the perfect man,
To whom the freedom of earth was given,
Proof against sin, and sure of heaven?

He cheered his heart as he rode along
With screed of Scripture and holy song,
Or thought how he rode with his lances free
By the Lower Rhine and the Zuyder-Zee,
Till his wood-path grew to a trodden road,
And Hilton Point in the distance showed.

He saw the church with the block-house nigh,
The two fair rivers, the flakes thereby,
And, tacking to windward, low and crank,
The little shallop from Strawberry Bank;
And he rose in his stirrups and looked abroad
Over land and water, and praised the Lord.

Goodly and stately and grave to see,
Into the clearing's space rode he,
With the sun on the hilt of his sword in sheath,
And his silver buckles and spurs beneath,
And the settlers welcomed him, one and all,
From swift Quampeagan to Gonic Fall.

And he said to the elders: "Lo, I come
As the way seemed open to seek a home.
Somewhat the Lord hath wrought by my hands
In the Narragansett and Netherlands,
And if here ye have work for a Christian man,
I will tarry, and serve ye as best I can.

"I boast not of gifts, but fain would own
The wonderful favor God hath shown,
The special mercy vouchsafed one day
On the shore of Narragansett Bay,
As I sat, with my pipe, from the camp aside,
And mused like Isaac at eventide.

"A sudden sweetness of peace I found,
A garment of gladness wrapped me round;
I felt from the law of works released,
The strife of the flesh and spirit ceased,
My faith to a full assurance grew,
And all I had hoped for myself I knew.

"Now, as God appointeth, I keep my way,
I shall not stumble, I shall not stray;
He hath taken away my fig-leaf dress,
I wear the robe of His righteousness;
And the shafts of Satan no more avail
Than Pequot arrows on Christian mail."

"Tarry with us," the settlers cried,
"Thou man of God, as our ruler and guide."
And Captain Underhill bowed his head.
"The will of the Lord be done!" he said.
And the morrow beheld him sitting down
In the ruler's seat in Cocheco town.

And he judged therein as a just man should;
His words were wise and his rule was good;
He coveted not his neighbor's land,
From the holding of bribes he shook his hand;
And through the camps of the heathen ran
A wholesome fear of the valiant man.

But the heart is deceitful, the good Book saith,
And life hath ever a savor of death.
Through hymns of triumph the tempter calls,
And whoso thinketh he standeth falls.
Alas! ere their round the seasons ran,
There was grief in the soul of the saintly man.

The tempter's arrows that rarely fail
Had found the joints of his spiritual mail;
And men took note of his gloomy air,
The shame in his eye, the halt in his prayer,
The signs of a battle lost within,
The pain of a soul in the coils of sin.

Then a whisper of scandal linked his name
With broken vows and a life of blame;
And the people looked askance on him
As he walked among them sullen and grim,
Ill at ease, and bitter of word,
And prompt of quarrel with hand or sword.

None knew how, with prayer and fasting still,
He strove in the bonds of his evil will;
But he shook himself like Samson at length,
And girded anew his loins of strength,
And bade the crier go up and down
And call together the wondering town.

Jeer and murmur and shaking of head
Ceased as he rose in his place and said
"Men, brethren, and fathers, well ye know
How I came among you a year ago,
Strong in the faith that my soul was freed
From sin of feeling, or thought, or deed.

"I have sinned, I own it with grief and shame,
But not with a lie on my lips I came.
In my blindness I verily thought my heart
Swept and garnished in every part.
He chargeth His angels with folly; He sees
The heavens unclean. Was I more than these?

"I urge no plea. At your feet I lay
The trust you gave me, and go my way.
Hate me or pity me, as you will,
The Lord will have mercy on sinners still;
And I, who am chiefest, say to all,
Watch and pray, lest ye also fall."

No voice made answer: a sob so low
That only his quickened ear could know
Smote his heart with a bitter pain,
As into the forest he rode again,
And the veil of its oaken leaves shut down
On his latest glimpse of Cocheco town.

Crystal-clear on the man of sin
The streams flashed up, and the sky shone in;
On his cheek of fever the cool wind blew,
The leaves dropped on him their tears of dew,
And angels of God, in the pure, sweet guise
Of flowers, looked on him with sad surprise.

Was his ear at fault that brook and breeze
Sang in their saddest of minor keys?
What was it the mournful wood-thrush said?
What whispered the pine-trees overhead?
Did he hear the Voice on his lonely way
That Adam heard in the cool of day?

Into the desert alone rode he,
Alone with the Infinite Purity;
And, bowing his soul to its tender rebuke,
As Peter did to the Master's look,
He measured his path with prayers of pain
For peace with God and nature again.

And in after years to Cocheco came
The bruit of a once familiar name;
How among the Dutch of New Netherlands,
From wild Danskamer to Haarlem sands,
A penitent soldier preached the Word,
And smote the heathen with Gideon's sword!

And the heart of Boston was glad to hear
How he harried the foe on the long frontier,
And heaped on the land against him barred
The coals of his generous watch and ward.
Frailest and bravest! the Bay State still
Counts with her worthies John Underhill.
1873. ~

Family lineage from John Underhill:
Capt John Underhill (1609 - 1672) married (2nd) Elizabeth Feake (daughter of "The Winthrop Woman" )
Deborah Underhill (1659 - 1698)
Daughter of Capt John

Uriah Townsend (1698 - 1767)
Son of Deborah

Robert Townsend (1728 - 1803)  (subject of upcoming blog)
Son of Uriah

Uriah Townsend (1753 - 1804)
Son of Robert

Ezra Edwin Townsend (1788 - 1851)
Son of Uriah

Rebecca Townsend (1808 - 1878)
Daughter of Ezra Edwin

Marietta Watson (1830 - 1890)
Daughter of Rebecca

Emma Jane Amrhine, Emerine (1860 - 1933)
Daughter of Marietta

Leon Vern Smith (1897 - 1947)
Son of Emma Jane

Sunday, January 13, 2013

Who were the ULSTER SCOTS?

Learn more at: 
(a short video about the Ulster Scots),
(an instructional slideshow that provides some interesting