Saturday, August 24, 2013

CONNECTICUT Puritan Roots of Jonathan Dart


CONNECTICUT 1640 IMMIGRANTS
Hugh Calkins 11th GGF
William Hough 10th GGF
William Douglas 10th GGF

Dort/Dart/Douglas/Hough-Calkins
As noted in a previous post, the immigrant ancestry of my 6th GGM Lucy (Whitney) Dart included an entire generation of English settlers to early Middlesex, Massachusetts.  By 1640, ancestors of Lucy's husband, Jonathan Dart, were also in New England.  New London, Connecticut would be their home for generations to come.
Jonathan’s paternal grandmother’s family included the immigrant fathers named Hugh Calkins, William Hough, and William Douglas.  All three men arrived in 1640, two with families.  All three lived briefly at Cape Ann and eventually settled in the New London, Connecticut area.  And all three were church deacons.  Early records show that at least one of these families (Calkins) was part of ‘The Welsh Party’ of Reverend Richard Blynman, Puritan minister.  It is likely that Hough was among this group, though his name does not appear in the ship’s records.

Gov. John Winthrop of Massachusetts Bay Colony made this observation in his “History of New England”:

"One Mr. Bliuman, a minister in Wales, a godly and able man, came over with some friends of his, and being invited to Green’s Harbour [since
Marshfield] near Plymouth, they went thither, but ere the yere was expired there fell out some difference among them which by no means could be reconciled, so as they agreed to part, and he came with his company and sat down at Cape Anne which at this Court (18 May 1642) was established to be a plantation and called Gloucester."

Additional background is discovered in the "Memoirs of the Plymouth Colony," by Hon. Francis Baylies:

"Gov. [Edward] Winslow, the founder of Marshfield, often visited England; he induced several Welsh gentlemen of respectability to emigrate to America,
amongst whom came the Rev. Richard Blinman, in 164[0], who was the first pastor of Marshfield. Some dissensions taking place, Mr. Blinman and the Welshmen removed to Cape Anne in less than a year. In 1648 Bliuman went to New London, in Connecticut, of which place he was the pastor ten years. In 1658 he was at New Haven, and soon after returned to
England, after having received in 1650 an invitation to settle at Newfoundland. He died at the city of Bristol, England."

Neither Hugh Calkins nor William Hough were Welsh but both were from Waverton, Cheshire, England –a distance of about 150 miles from their port of departure at Chepstow, Monmouthshire, Wales.  Hugh’s wife, Anne Eaton was born in Chepstow, but the first three of their children were born in Waverton.  Their fourth child, however, has “Monmouth, Wales” recorded as his birthplace so it is likely that the family had moved to Ann’s hometown at least six years before emigrating.  Since William Hough was almost 20 years younger than Hugh, and married his daughter Sarah after emigrating to New England, it might be assumed that he or his parents were friends of the family when they lived in Waverton.   The three immigrant families were undoubtedly acquainted prior to settling in New London, and became united through the marriage of William Douglas’ son William to Abiah, the daughter of William and Sarah (Calkins) Hough.

Below are brief biographies of each immigrant father:

From History of Norwich  by Frances Manwaring Caulkins:
Hugh Calkins was one of a body of emigrants, called the Welsh Company, that came to New England in 1640, from Chepstow in Monmouthshire, on the border of Wales, with their minister, the Rev. Mr. Blinman.  The larger portion of this company settled first at Marshfield[CT], but soon transferred their residence to Gloucester [MA], upon the rough promontory of Cape Ann.  From thence, after eight years of experiment, most of them removed to New London, hoping probably to find lands more arable and productive, and allured also by affectionate attachment to Mr. Blinman, whom Mr. Winthrop had invited to his plantation.
Hugh Calkins was in 1650, deputy from Gloucester to the General Court of Massachusetts, and chosen again in 1651, but removing early in that year to New London [CT], the vacancy was filled by another election.
While living at New London, he was chosen twelve times deputy to the Connecticut Assembly, (the elections being semi-annual,) and was one of the townsmen, or select-men, invariably, from 1652 till he removed to Norwich [CT].
From Norwich, he was deputy at ten sessions of the Legislature, between March 1663, and October, 1671, and was one of the first deacons of the Norwich church.  At each of the three towns in which he was an early settler and proprietor, he was largely employed in public business, being usually appointed one of committees for consultation, for fortifying, drafting soldiers, settling difficulties, and particularly for surveying lands and determining boundaries.  These offices imply a considerable range of information, as well as activity and executive talent, yet he seems to have no early education, uniformly making only a bold H for his signature.
From Descendants of William Hough of CT by Elida C. & Franklin B. Hough, Ft. Wayne, IN:
William Hough migrated to MA about 1640, possibly among the unnamed divers others persons on the ship with the Rev. Blynman party to Gloucester.  He was a housewright, or carpenter, and followed that trade wherever he lived....William and Sarah lived among the Gloucester settlers at Trynall Cove and on Biskie Island.  At one time the Caulkins and Hough families were on New Street, just opened for the Cape Ann company.  It became known as Cape Ann Lane, and had nine settlers, including Caulkins, Avery, Roberts, Coite, Lester, Allen, Meades, Isbell and Hough.  It was a dreary place, and these settlers soon removed to other places.  Caulkins and Hough to CT.  Three Hough ch. were born in Gloucester, the Hough family in 1751/52 joined the remnant of the Blynman party in moving to CT.  William and Sarah then lived in Saybrook, New London, and Norwich.  During King Phillip's War, Sgt. William Hough was a member of the Committee on Fortifications in the 1st Militia Comp of New London.
From  Colonial families of the United States of America by George Norbury Mackensie
WILLIAM DOUGLAS, the immigrant ancestor, was b. 9th August, 1610,doubtless in Scotland*; m. probably about 1636, Ann MATTLE, dau. of Thomas MATTLE of Ringstead, England. In 1640, with his wife Ann and two children, Ann and Robert, William DOUGLAS went to New England. Tradition says that they landed at Cape Ann. They settled first in Gloucester, but removed within [p.1 88] the year to Boston, where he is first mentioned in the Boston records on 31st June, 1640 , when he was made a Freeman. Here moved shortly to Ipswich where he was entitled to a share of the public land, 28th February, 1641. There he remained for about four years, returning to Boston in 1645. He was a cooper by trade and on 1st May,1646, there is record of his purchasing from Walter MERRY and Thomas ANCHOR, a dwelling house, shop and land. Later he went to New London, Connecticut, and obtained considerable property through purchase and grants from the town. One of his farms was inherited by his son William and has remained in the hands of descendants for over two centuries. In 1662-1663 he was appointed one of the Appraisers of Property for the town of New London. The land for a new church was purchased from him and the graveyard still remains on that place. He and Mr. WILLERBY were appointed to deliver provisions to Commissary TRACY at Norwich during King Philip's War. His education for the times was liberal. He held many important offices in the town at different times. He was Deputy to the General Court in 1672 and once or twice later. In May, 1670, his wife, then sixty years old made a journey to Boston to establish her claim as heir to her father's property. She d. in New London in 1685 and William DOUGLAS himself d. there on 26th July, 1682
*Note: the Scottish origins of William Douglas have not yet been verified but, if current data can be confirmed, it will open up what appears to be an incredibly rich legacy of lords, ladies, knights  and kings dating back many centuries.   

Friday, August 16, 2013

INDENTURED SERVANT: Judith Phippen 10thGGM



1635.IMMIGRANT JUDITH PHIPPEN.Indentured Servant
Dort/DART-WHITNEY/Blodgett/Simonds-Phippen

From 1630 through 1640 approximately 20,000 English colonists came to New England.  Among these immigrants were all sixteen of Lucy Whitney [Jonathan] Dart’s great-great grandparents who settled in Middlesex, Massachusetts including the Whitney’s, Perham’s, Shipley’s, Blodgett’s, Simonds’, Hall’s, Davis’ and the Tarbell’s (who arrived in 1644). 

This Great Migration generation included my 10th great grandmother, sixteen-year old Judith Phippen who gained passage on The Winthrop Fleet’s ship The Planter, sailing out of London in April, 1635 as one of four servants (including future husband, James Haieward, 22) indentured to Nicholas Davies.  Upon the completion of their seven years of indentured service to Davies*, Judith and James were married for only about a year before James’ death in 1642.  [*Other accounts note them as married on board the ship or a year after arrival, both less likely due to the typical restrictions of indentureship at that time.]

Unlike colonial Virginia where indentured servants filled the needs of a large, expanding workforce to develop the tobacco industry, early Massachusetts was the destination for many Puritans and other religious dissenters who wished to escape English persecution and freely practice their beliefs.  It was not uncommon in the 1630’s for whole families to transplant their English roots in colonial soil.  Those of financial means were able to contract, or indenture, young men and women who were willing to ‘work off’ their expensive travel costs through unpaid service of typically four to seven years, after which they were free to begin a new life in New England. 

It should be noted that, as indentured servants, Judith and James were considered the ‘personal property’ of  Master Davies.  As such, they ran the risk of extended servitude by marrying or having children before their contract expired.  Since they sailed in the spring of 1635 and their only child was born at the end of 1642, it can be assumed that they were indentured for seven years.  Sadly, James would not live to see the birth of his baby, Rebecca, who was born only two weeks following his untimely death.

Fortuitously, the twenty-one year old widow and new mother soon married another immigrant, widower William Simonds, on January 18, 1643 in Woburn, Massachusetts.  William also arrived in 1635 and gained his freeman status four years later (although one source suggests that he only gained that status in 1670 after some years of discord with the town government regarding voter rights and the Woburn church regarding his Baptist views).  Nevertheless, he served as town officer, paid taxes, and together with Judith raised a large family of twelve including my 9th ggmother, Huldah.  According to one Ancestry.com source:
Caption reads: "The Cutler House, Woburn
This house must be at least 200 years old, but the exact date
cannot be ascertained with certainty.  In 1759 it was owned by
Benj. Simmands [Simonds], and here the Episcopal Society held
their services.  It is now owned by Jesse Cutler, and is the
only old house in which a genuine old fashioned diamond-
paned window is still to be seen." (c) 1880 E. Whitefield
 He settled on Upstreet at a place called Dry Brook, located about a mile and a half north west from the center of town. He built a house on his property about 1670 which was one of the longest standing in Woburn after the Baldwin mansion. It was “a good specimen of the second period of architecture in New England. It had a large brick chimney in the center, was of two stories, and had a gable roof…That the house was new when William Simonds died [in 1672], seems apparent, that from his indebtedness to Sergeant John Wyman for seven windows at four schillings a piece”(Cutter 1908). The house of "Widdo Simons" was used as a garrison house during King Philip's War, and eventually passed, it appears, to his son James. The family homestead remained in the family for almost two hundred years, passing at the death of Luther5 Simonds (Caleb4, James3-2, William1) to his widow, Bathsheba (Hayward) Simonds, in 1792 and from her to her second husband Nathan5 Simonds (Benjamin4-3-2, William1) and finally to their only daughter, Lucy (Simonds) Barnard, in 1827. (Johnson [1889], 5-6; Cutter 1908).


Huldah’s sister Judith was an ancestor of the poet Emily Dickinson, rocket scientist Robert Goddard, and a founder of the ACLU, Roger Baldwin.  Their brother James was the great grandfather of “Johnny Appleseed” Chapman.


Judith Phippen 1635 indentured servant (1618 - 1689)
is your 10th great grandmother-as widow of James Hayward, married (2) William Simonds
Huldah Simonds (1660 - 1745)
daughter of Judith Phippen (Hayward) 1635 indentured servant
William Blodgett Dr. (1686 - 1751)
son of Huldah Simonds
Anne Blodgett (1714 - 1819) [or Amy Blodgett]
daughter of William Blodgett Dr.
Lucy Whitney (1739 - 1844)
daughter of Anne Blodgett
Timothy Dort/Dart (1756 - 1814)
son of Lucy Whitney
Titus DORT (1777 - 1844)
son of Timothy Dort/Dart
Titus Dort . (1806 - 1879)
son of Titus DORT
Andrew Jackson Dort (1837 - 1905)
son of Titus Dort & my great-great grandfather