Wednesday, March 6, 2013

LEGACY OF THE WINTHROP WOMAN - Part II "Elizabeth's Neck"

Axe-shaped peninsula purchased by the Feakes and named "Elizabeth's Neck"
from wikipedia:
"On July 18, 1640, Daniel Patrick and Robert Feake, along with Feake's wife Elizabeth Fones Winthrop Feake, in the name of New Haven Colony, bought all the land between the Asamuck and Potommuck brooks, in the area now known as Old Greenwich, from Native Americans living in the area for twentie-five coates." [This transaction was recorded in a deed that stated, in part: 
"We Amogerone and Owenoke, Sachems of Asamuck; and Ramatthone, Nawthorne, Sachems of Totomack have sould unto Robert Feakes and Daniell Patricke all their rights and interests in all ye several lands between Asamuck river and Totomack ...except ye neck by ye indians called Monakewaygo, by us Elizabeth Neck, which neck is yet peticaler perchace of Elizabeth Feaks, ye said Robert Feake his wife to be hers and her heaires or assigns forever..." (from The Winthop Woman, page 409-410)]
Deed of 1640
[According to professional timeline done for another pioneer family of Greenwich (Robert Husted), the following supporting facts were recorded:
"July 18, 1640.
Robert Husted, and Andrew Messenger witness the main land deed purchase of Greenwich by Daniel Patrick and Robert Feake. Jeffery Ferris also received land on this document, with Angell Heusted and Richard Williams as his witnesses. Elizabeth, the wife of Robert Feake, was given an area of land called Monekewego by the Indians, already named Elizabeth Neck on the document."]
" What is now called 'Greenwich Point' was known for much of the area's early history as 'Elizabeth's Neck' in recognition of Elizabeth Fones. 

"The Dutch, based in New Amsterdam, claimed the area and, fearful of not being protected by New Haven Colony, the early settlers in 1642 agreed to become part of the colony of New Netherland. This made Greenwich a "manor" and Captain Patrick and Feake the "patroons of the manor."[I have yet to find evidence that this was true.] (Patrick had married Annetje Van Beyeren of New Amsterdam.) Until 1650 Greenwich officially remained a part of the Dutch colony.
"In 1650, the English and Dutch colonies agreed to boundary lines which put Greenwich back under the control of the New Haven Colony. Greenwichites continued to live as they had previously, which drew complaints from some Puritans who said (in a 1656 complaint to colony officials) that the residents "live in a disorderly and riotous manner, sell intoxicating liquors to the Indians, receive and harbor servants who have fled their masters, and join persons unlawfully in marriage." [This last point undoubtedly referred to the scandal of Elizabeth Feake 'marrying' William Hallett without legal divorce from Feake, who had to return to England and left Hallett in charge of his estate. Elizabeth's cousin/brother-in-law Jack Winthrop helped to formalize this situation, despite a child being born prior to official documentation of Elizabeth's 3rd legal marriage to Hallett.] 
That year, Greenwich was told to become a part of Stamford. It wasn't until May 11, 1665, that the General Assembly in Hartford declared Greenwich a separate township.  The town supplied locally grown produce to packet boats to New York City starting in colonial times."  [Toby/Tobias Feake, nephew of Robert, was the son of Robert's brother James.  Toby followed Robert to America and piloted his boat "Dolphin" along the coastline between the English and Dutch colonies.  After the death of Daniel Patrick, Toby married his widow, Anneken.]
Marker located midway down "Elizabeth's Neck"
(Inscription reads: "On July 18, 1640, Daniel Patrick and Robert Feaks
landed on these shores in the name of the New Haven Colony to start a
new settlement, later called Greenwich. This neck of land is called
Elizabeth’s Neck after Mrs. Feaks")

No comments:

Post a Comment